Explaining electoral volatility in latin america politics essay
Realignment-dealignment, latin america, electoral volatility, political introduction these transitions explain the focus on the weak-nesses, collapse, failures (gutie´rrez san´ın, 2007 morgan, latin america for the period 1980–2012, but argue that the. The components of elections: district heterogeneity, district-time factors can cause electoral volatility, these authors explain that it has frequently been roberts and wibbels focus on latin america, arguing that ‘‘electoral volatility is a function of short-term economic perturbations, the. Grading will be based on class participation, three review essays, and one research proposal “electoral laws as political consequences: explaining the origins and change of electoral institutions” “party systems and electoral volatility in latin america: a test of economic, institutional, and structural explanations”. The pragmatic turn of democracy in latin america 1 thamy pogrebinschi | the pragma tic turn of democracy in la tin america content as well as high electoral volatility) indicators corroborate understanding the political landscape of latin america today.
The political and socioeconomic factors explaining political ideology of the chief executive in a sample of one hundred elections taking place between 1975 and 2007 in eighteen latin american countries. The journal of politics in latin america is an open access publication it may be read, copied and distributed free of charge according to the conditions of the creative commons attribution-no derivative works 30 license. Latin american politics and society explore this journal the workers' party in northeastern brazil next article in issue: explaining electoral volatility in latin america: evidence at the party level next article in issue inching toward accountability: the evolution of brazil's anticorruption institutions, 1985–2010 authors.
Roberts, 2013, roberts, 2015 influential study of latin american political parties uses electoral volatility as an indicator of political representation and electoral realignment levitsky and murillo (2014) point to electoral volatility in their explanation of institutional instability in the region. Changing course in latin america party systems in the neoliberal era this book adopts a critical juncture framework to explain the impact of economic crises and free-market reforms on party systems and political. Politics of the urban poor: aesthetics, ethics, volatility, precarity an introduction to supplement 11 by veena das and shalini randeria based on longitudinal ethnographic work, the authors of this special issue on the politics of the urban poor examine. Electoral volatility, legislative party organization, and executive strategies in this paper we analyze continuity and change in voter support in six latin american countries—argentina, brazil, chile, colombia, mexico and venezuela. Although there has been some work on party systems volatility on latin america and post communist eastern europe 2 there has been relatively little consideration of the relationship between electoral systems and party systems volatility in africa.
Volatility as an indicator of political representation and electoral realignment levitsky and murillo (2014) point to electoral volatility in their explanation of institutional instability in the region. ³classifying political regimes in latin america, 1945-2004 in gerardo munck, ed, regimes and democracy in latin america: theories and methods , pp 123-160. Latin american studies, political behavior, latin american politics, brazilian studies, political science, and 8 more brazil, latin american politics (political science), elections, brazilian politics, elections and voting behavior, electoral studies, latin america, and divided government.
3 this work builds on the existing volatility research in multiple ways first, it continues earlier research efforts to understand the complex electoral volatility patterns in this region. Electoral volatility, but it is not a solution for achieving more reliable estimates of volatility what is obvious from this paper is that the treatment of party splits and party mergers and the defining of genuinely new parties are crucial for achieving more reliable volatility estimates. And authoritarian presidentialism in latin america4 communist political systems exercised a stringent monopoly over political and social organiza- beyond the focus on explaining volatility, and adopt a more expansive notion of institutionalization that “party systems and electoral volatility in latin america,” american political. Deterioration and polarization of party politics in venezuela jana morgan associate professor university of tennessee [email protected] chapter prepared for inclusion in party systems in latin america: institutionalization, decay and collapse.
Explaining electoral volatility in latin america politics essay
And gavin (1996) documented the extent of macroeconomic volatility in latin america, and found that latin america has been more volatile than any other region in the world, with the exception of africa and the middle east. Even within latin america, electoral volatility tends to be higher in argentina, brazil and peru, but relatively lower colombia and in uruguay (mainwaring and scully, 1995 tulchin and garland, 1998:104-105. Electoral volatility, the age and organizational style of parties, party fragmentation, the stability of electoral institutions, the links between social groups and political parties, and the programmatic structuration of party competition. In latin america overall, electoral volatility in legislative elections was 232% in the 1990s (roberts 1 brazilian results are calculated from the two-city panel data.
Political crises and democracy in latin america since the end of the cold war luis e gonzález working paper #353 - december 2008 luis e gonzález is professor of social sciences at the universidad católica and of political science at the universidad de la república, both in montevideo, uruguay. Explaining electoral volatility in latin america: evidence at the party level more by yen-pin su many existing explanations of electoral volatility have been tested at the country level, but they are largely untested at the individual party level.
Party systems and electoral volatility in latin america: a test of economic, institutional, and structural explanations km roberts, e wibbels american political science review 93 (3), 575-590 , 1999. Electoral volatility in old and new democracies: comparing causes of party system institutionalisation by benjamin rowe jones submitted to central european university department of political science systems in latin america, mainwaring and scully define party systems “as the set of. According to 2010 data from the latin american public opinion project, average electoral volatility in latin america was 268 percent however, this high overall score conceals important differences between countries. A party system is a concept in comparative political science concerning the system of government by political parties in a democratic country the idea is that political parties have basic similarities: they control the government, have a stable base of mass popular support, and create internal mechanisms for controlling funding, information and nominations.